My research activities concern modelling the dynamics of ecological systems, from both theoretical (study of prey-predator or host-parasitoid systems) and more applied (forest, epidemic, fishery) perspectives. I use methods coming from the mathematical (dynamical systems) and computer (cellular automata network, individual-based models) sides of ecological modelling. Since 2003 I am employed by the Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD) and presently in the MARBEC research unit.

image 1

image 2 (5 days)

image 3 (10 days)

simulated group before an attack

simulated group after the attack

image 1

image 2 (30 days)

image 3 (50 days)

You can see the whole simulation in a video file (avi format 1 Mb or compressed zip format 137 Kb).

My Ph.D. fitted into a new project aiming at developing one or several models that enable to answer questions concerning forest communities biodiversity, in particular on the factors which favour their species richness. My personal contribution to this project was to study to what extent simulation models of forest dynamics could give insights to these questions. My work showed that before using such models for prediction, there were several difficult stages to pass through: choice of the model, choice between different approaches of spatialisation, sensitivity analysis of the parameters and initial conditions, validation towards field data.

To get details about this work you can download my Ph.D. dissertation (in French, pdf file 2.8 Mb).

image 1 (30 years)

image 2 (150 years)

image 3 (600 years)

image 1

image 2 (30 time steps)

image 3 (100 time steps)

You can see the simulation in a video file (avi format 1 Mb or compressed zip format 128 Kb).

The correspondence between the mathematical model dynamics (red curve on the images below) and the computer model dynamics (blue, yellow, black, green and grey curves) improves as the neighbourhood size increases (4, 8, 12, 24 et 48 neighbours on the images below).

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[52] Lagarde F, Fiandrino A, Ubertini M, Roque d’orbcastel E, Mortreux S, Chiantella C, Bec B, Bonnet D, Roques C, Bernard I, Richard M, Guyondet T, Pouvreau S,

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[50] Imzilen T, Chassot E, Barde J, Demarcq H, Maufroy A, Roa-Pascuali L, Ternon J-F,

[49] Flores-Valiente J, Tam J, Brochier T, Colas F, Pecquerie L, Aguirre-Velarde A, Mendo J,

[48] Malauene BS, Moloney CL,

[47] Santos AMP, Nieblas AE, Verley P, Machado A, Bonhommeau S,

[46] Calò A,

[45] Lagarde F, Roque d’orbcastel E, Ubertini M, Mortreux S, Bernard I, Fiandrino A, Chiantella C, Bec B, Roques C, Bonnet D, Miron G, Richard M, Pouvreau S,

[44] Kaplan DM, Cuif M, Fauvelot C, Vigliola L, Nguyen-Huu T, Tiavouane J,

[43] Koné V,

[42] Kirkman SP, Bianchi G, Blamey L, Field JG, Huggett JA, Hutchings L, Jackson-Veitch J, Jarre A, Lamont T,

[41] Garavelli L, Colas F, Verley P, Kaplan DM, Yannicelli B,

[40] Thiebault A, Semeria M,

[39]

[38] Cuif M, Kaplan DM, Fauvelot C,

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[36] Cuif M, Keller F, Chateau O, Kaplan DM, Labonne M,

[35]

[34] Garavelli L, Kaplan DM, Colas F, Stotz W, Yannicelli B,

[33] Cuif M, Kaplan DM, Lefèvre J, Faure VM, Caillaud M, Verley P, Vigliola L,

[32] Martins RS, Roberts MJ,

[31] Koné V,

[30] Grüss A, Kaplan DM,

[29] Garavelli L, Grüss A, Grote B, Chang N, Smith M, Verley P, Stenevik EK, Kaplan DM,

[28] Moussaoui A, Auger P,

[27] Brochier T, Mason E, Moyano M, Berraho A, Colas F, Sangrà P, Hernández-León S , Ettahiri O,

[26] Brochier T,

[25]

[24] Kaplan DM, Planes S, Fauvelot C, Brochier T,

[23] Auger P,

[22] Brochier T, Colas F,

[21] Brochier T,

[20] Mirabet V, Fréon P,

[19] Brochier T, Ramzi A,

[18]

[17]

[16] Nguyen-Huu T, Auger P,

[15]

[14]

[13] Mirabet V, Auger P,

[12]

[11] Mchich R, Auger P,

[10] Miller DCM, Moloney CL, van der Lingen CD,

[9] Nguyen-Huu T,

[8] Nguyen-Huu T,

[7]

[6]

[5] Auger P,

[4]

[3]

[2]

[1]

[5] Auger P,

[4] Cury P, Bertrand A, Bertrand S,

[3] Auger P,

[2]

[1] Auger P,

[9] Malauene BS (2015) (pdf file 46 Mb). Environmental influences on banana shrimps of the Sofala Bank, Mozambique Channel. University of Cape Town, South Africa.

[8] Cuif M (2014) (partly in French, pdf file 9 Mb). Combinaison de la modélisation biophysique et de marquages isotopiques pour estimer la connectivité démographique des populations marines : application à

[7] Garavelli L (2013) (partly in French, pdf file 6 Mb). Étude de la connectivité larvaire pour la gestion des ressources marines : application au gastéropode

[6] Martins RS (2009) (pdf file 3 Mb). Some factors influencing the transport of chokka squid (

[5] Brochier T (2009) (partly in French, pdf file 9 Mb). Stratégie de reproduction des petits poissons pélagiques dans les zones d’upwelling : une approche par modélisation individu-centrée appliquée aux systèmes de courants de Humboldt et des Canaries. Université Paris VI.

[4] Mirabet V (2007) (in French, pdf file 5 Mb). Modélisation individu-centrée de la dynamique des groupes d'animaux et applications aux bancs de poissons. Université Lyon I.

[3] Koné V (2006) (in French, pdf file 10.9 Mb). Modélisation de la production primaire et secondaire de l’écosystème du Benguela sud. Influence des conditions trophiques sur le recrutement des larves d’anchois. Université Paris VI.

[2] Miller DCM (2006) (pdf file 4 Mb). An individual-based modelling approach to examine life history strategies of sardine (

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